‘Head cut open’, ‘castrated’ and ‘boiling oil poured on face’ are some of the provocative messages that are doing the rounds on social media to describe 21 year old Paresh Mesta’s death in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka. Mesta’s decomposed body was found in a lake in Honnavar town, days after he had gone missing following communal clashes in the region. A picture of his body was used to claim torture and mutilation, and the mob which had gathered to protest his alleged murder turned violent, destroying vehicles and resorting to stone pelting. The vehicle of IGP Western Range Hemant Nimbalkar was set on fire in Kumta.


Communal violence had been raging in Uttara Kannada district for the past week after a minor altercation escalated rapidly. The situation continued to flare with Hindutva organisations hitting the streets in protest after Mesta’s body was found. On December 9 at 10:06 am, Karnataka BJP issued a press release on its website wherein it quoted BJP MP from Karnataka Shobha Karandlaje who reportedly said, “Hot oil has been poured on his body resulting in his body turning completely black. This is a heinous murder carried out by jehadi elements”. The press release added that Karandlaje had said that Mesta’s hands on which he had inscribed ‘Jayarama’ had been chopped off.


The allegation of brutality spread like wild fire, egged on by prominent BJP leaders who parroted that Mesta had been tortured and killed by ‘jehadi’ elements active in the coastal Karnataka region.

Fake news websites and communal rabble rousers like Postcard.news put up inflammatory posts.

The ‘report’ was carried prominently by the India Today channel which reiterated the allegation that Mesta had been subjected to torture and his body flung in a lake. The channel described the graphic details of the ‘assault’, claiming he was castrated and his head was split open.

This overdrive by top BJP functionaries, fake news websites and sections of mainstream media had the cumulative effect of spurring fresh violence in the volatile region.

So, was Paresh Mesta brutalized and murdered by ‘jehadi’ elements as was claimed by the BJP and Hindutva groups? Was hot oil poured on his body and were his hands chopped off? The Karnataka police released the following document from the Department of Forensic Medicine in Manipal which conducted the autopsy of Paresh Mesta. Here is what it said:

  1. There are no evidences of injuries caused by weapons over the body of the deceased
  2. The change in the colour of the face of the deceased is due to putrefaction
  3. There is no evidence of castration or mutilation
  4. There is a tattoo mark present over the front of right forearm above the wrist depicting a picture of Shivaji and ‘Maratha’ written in Hindi. The said tattoo has not been destroyed.

The actual post-mortem report has not been handed over to Karnataka Police yet. Karnataka Government has now handed over this case to CBI.

Alt News spoke to Inspector General (IG) of Western Range, Hemant Nimbalkar who told us, “There is a deliberate attempt to create divide in the society by circulation of false news as well as rumours through press notes, social media, and particularly whatsapp for personal gain. We are booking all those people who are trying to circulate false news and rumours through social media and already 20 cases are booked. Anybody who is abetting or circulating false news without authentication shall have to face the law.

It is usual for right wing groups to try and vitiate the peace by spreading hateful propaganda, but India Today as a mainstream media house succumbed to fake information without verifying the story and broadcasted it on prime time, oblivious to the potential ramifications of such provocative news. It took a statement from Karnataka police and the autopsy report for the channel to eventually retract, but by then the damage had been done.

Coastal Karnataka has been a hotbed for Hindutva organisations who have been trying to stir communal trouble in the state with the intention of penetrating and consolidating their presence in the southern part of India. Sporadic instances of violence have occurred with regularity particularly in the coastal districts over the past decade. There is usually an organised pattern and a set technique for fomenting violence through provocation along religious lines as has been witnessed numerous times in the past. In this case, the putrefied cadaver of Paresh Mesta was used to create unrest, division and communal hatred. There is a powerful vested interest which seeks to keep the communal pot boiling in the region, with assembly elections coming up in the state in 2018.

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About the Author

Arjun Sidharth is a writer with Alt News. He has previously worked in the television news industry, where he managed news bulletins and breaking news scenarios, apart from scripting numerous prime time television stories. He has also been actively involved with various freelance projects. Sidharth has studied economics, political science, international relations and journalism. He has a keen interest in books, movies, music, sports, politics, foreign policy, history and economics. His hobbies include reading, watching movies and indoor gaming.